Website Front-end and Back-end
The differences between design and development actually lead to more of a discussion around front-end and back-end web work. Let’s start with the front-end…
We talked about how web programmers are concerned with launching websites, updates, and maintenance, among other things. All of that works to support the front-end of the website. The back-end has three parts to it: server, application, and database.
To better explain how all of this works, let’s use the example of a customer trying to purchase a plane ticket using a website. Everything that the customer sees on the webpage is the front-end, as we have explained before, but once that customer enters all of his or her information, such as their name, billing address, destination, etc, the web application stores the information in a database that was created previously on the server in which the website is calling for information.
The web application creates, deletes, changes, renames, etc items in the database. For example, when a customer purchases a ticket, that creates an item in the database, but when they have a change in their order or they wish to cancel, the item in the database is changed.
A server, in the simplest form, is a computer accessed remotely that runs software to fulfill requests from clients. In our example, the server the customer’s browser is communicating with is where the database is stored and modified.
In short, when a customer wants to buy a ticket, the back-end operation is the web application communicating with the server to make a change in a database stored on said server. Technologies like C#, .Net, WordPress, PHP, Ruby, Python, and others are the ones back-end programmers use to make this communication work smoothly, allowing the customer to purchase his or her ticket with ease.
Many web professionals that are just getting into the field may have heard a lot of people talking about free open source product like WordPress, Drupal, Joomla and Magento Themes..